The adoption of strategies for efficient reading is crucial to the attainment of educational goals and objectives. A reading process entails the analysis of the content from a variety of materials such as textbooks, academic journals and lecture notes.
Efficient reading ensures that students retain an appreciable percentage of the content reading material to facilitate the attainment of academic goals.
Before one starts to read, it is important to set goals on a reading task, identify the purpose of reading, and determine ideas and concepts relating to a topic of interest. The three steps highlighted above appropriately prepare a student to commence reading.
Efficient reading should incorporate strategies to connect different pieces of information in the reading material. Strategies that sustain an efficient reading process always incorporate the concept of elaboration in reading.
Analyzing the structure of a reading material gives a student an overview of the content of the material, and is essential in the setting of reading goals.
Elaboration, as an efficient reading strategy, helps a student to understand the key points in a reading material by connecting those points to prior knowledge. Elaboration strategies include the highlighting of different sections in a reading material for purposes of comparison.
In addition, elaboration entails writing of summaries, which enable the student to filter out redundant information. Referring to prior knowledge during reading provides a student with a foundation to expand ideas obtained from new reading materials.
For example, prior knowledge on the relationship between countries will help a student to analyze conflicts that occurred during a particular era.
Another strategy for efficient reading is the adoption of appropriate organizational strategies that create a framework to facilitate the synchronization of diverse concepts and materials after the reading process.
Proper organizational strategies in reading include the use of concept maps and outlines, which facilitate the connection of ideas and concepts obtained during active reading.
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