Analyze fallacies attached for week 4. Thank you for yourr help!admin / August 17, 2018
Introduction to Logic and Critical Thinking Skills | HUMN210-F2WW-S17 Analyze Fallacies Start Date: Mon, Jul 17 Due Date: Sun, Jul 23 Points Points…
Analyze fallacies attached for week 4. Thank you for yourr help!
Introduction to Logic and Critical Thinking Skills | HUMN210-F2WW-S17
Mon, Jul 17
Sun, Jul 23
Not yet graded.
To assess your ability to:
Identify the (inductive) Fallacy of Generalizing from Incomplete Information.
Identify the (inductive) Fallacy of Overlooking Alternatives.
Identify the (deductive) Fallacy of Affirming the Consequent.
Identify the (deductive) Fallacy of Denying the Antecedent.
Analyze inductive fallacies.
Analyze deductive fallacies.
Carefully read the
Week 4 Key Points
Construct examples that present the four types of fallacies. You must construct your
Analyze the fallacies you constructed by following the forms provided in the Key Points section.
the basic (or general) form first
, then write your analysis.
Submit your Microsoft Word document to the
In addition, email your document to your professor (unless indicated otherwise).
Appropriate examples are provided: 40 points
Rules and form are listed: 20 points
Estimated time for completion:
page 1 of 1 – 07/17/2017
Week 4 Key Points
To avoid being
by means of misleading reasoning we need to recognize the
mistakes of reasoning
that may be
mistaken for good arguments.
Fallacies can have
inductive argument forms or
deductive argument forms, but may also be found in arguments that are
On the other hand, there are many other ways people accept conclusions for the wrong
For instance, reasons that are unacceptable, irrelevant, or insufficient do not
adequately support the conclusion of an argument.
This suggests that a fallacy is committed
when an argument under consideration does not justify accepting its conclusion.
when the premise or premises do not adequately support the conclusion.
This means that the
reason or reasons provided as evidence for the conclusion are inadequate for accepting the
Even if the
Even if the
or not Cogent
View the Answer
PART I: BAD INDUCTIVE ARGUMENTS
Great INDUCTIVE Fallacy #1: The Fallacy of Generalizing from Incomplete
Information (The problem of overgeneralizing):
Fallacy of Generalizing from Incomplete Information
a bad argument form
because one is reaching a conclusion from very little or weak evidence.
To minimize this
problem associated with induction, we need to do the following.
Give more than one example
Use representative examples
Provide background information
Propose the most likely cause
(If arguing about causes).
We learned from a previous section that when we generalize from one or more specific examples
in support of a sweeping statement (or generalization) we obtain an
Argument by Example
The general form of an
Argument by Example
is the following.
1) F1 is a G.
2) F2 is a G.
3) F3 is a G.
n) Fn is a G.
All F’s are G’s. (Note: this is a generalization).
For example, you may recall that the argument about smoking in the inductive argument section
premises (as many as you want to list):
1) Smoker #1 is a person who smokes and gets lung cancer.
2) Smoker #2 is a person who smokes and gets lung cancer.
3) Smoker #3 is a person who smokes and gets lung cancer.
n) Smoker #n is a person who smokes and gets lung cancer.
, all smokers are people who get lung cancer. (Note: this is a generalization).
We also learned that a
argument by example should provide more than one
example. The reason we need to
give more than one example
is because the conclusion of
the argument (a sweeping statement or generalization) goes too far beyond the evidence given.
Accordingly, the more examples are provided as evidence, the less chances we have
Generalizing from Incomplete Information
We also addressed the question about how many examples are necessary.
We said that this
depends partly on the size of the set of examples in support of the sweeping statement (or
generalization). If the size of the set of examples is small, for the inductive argument to
one must consider all, or the majority of, the examples. How many
examples are necessary also depends partly on their representativeness.
So if the size of the set
of examples is too large to list, for the inductive argument to be
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